Mr Sharma, 32, started dabbling in stocks and shares recently. Last month, as he was trying to sell a particular stock, he was slightly confused with a minimal fee that was levied on his transaction, apart from his brokerage fee. Mr. Sharma then started going through the contract notes of his Demat account. However, he couldn’t find any information there on this fee. The amount is Mr. Sharma was confused about is toward DP charges or fees. Let us help him understand these charges in detail.
What are DP Charges?
Depository Participant (DP) charges are levied on all sell transactions of your Demat Account. These charges are exclusive of brokerage and are not reflected in contract notes. DP charges are the revenue source for depositories and its participants.
DP charges are a flat transaction fee, irrespective of the quantity sold. Hence, the fee charged is per scrip and not the volume sold. So, these charges remain the same whether you sell 1 share or 100 shares.
Who levies DP charges?
DP charges are levied by depositories as well as the depository participant. If the stock is part of Nifty, the tax is imposed by National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL). If the stock is part of BSE, the tax is levied by Central Depository Securities Limited (CSDL). A depository participant is a mediator between depositories and the investor. For instance, if your Demat account is maintained with Angel Broking, it is the depository participant. Banks, financial institutes, stockbrokers are examples of depository participants.
Usually, depository participants levy four kinds of charges (or fees) for a Demat account transaction; they are, account opening fee, annual maintenance fee, custodian fee, and transaction fee.
Why are DP charges levied?
A stockbroker needs to become a depository participant to provide a Demat account to clients. Moreover, they need to pay a membership fee to NDSL or CDSL, to the tune of lakhs along with several other fixed costs and also advanced prepaid transaction charges. The brokers pass on these charges to their customers by an additional fee to reclaim these expenses.
How much DP charges are levied?
The charges levied by depositories are same for all sell transaction charges. The charges are:
- Demat transaction charges for CSDL: Rs. 13 plus Rs. 5.50
- Demat transaction charges for NSDL: Rs. 13 plus Rs. 4.50
Charges levied by depository participant can vary according to participants. The charges levied by Angel Broking are:
- 20 Per Debit Transaction
- 50 Per Debit Transaction For BSDA Clients
These charges are exclusive of all taxes.
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