Copper futures

Copper is not a metal that attracts much attention compared to other metals like steel and aluminium. But there are considerable quantities of it in every home and workplace. Because of its excellent conductivity and other properties, copper wires and pipes are used extensively in homes, offices and factories. Copper ranks third in world metal consumption, after steel and aluminium. Apart from electrical cables, copper is used in motor windings, in tubes for air conditioners, refrigerators and heat exchangers. Copper is also emerging as a popular trading commodity . This is usually done through copper futures contracts .

Copper production and supply

The biggest producers of copper are Chile, Peru, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, the USA and Australia. In 2018, Chile accounted for 5.8 million tonnes of the total world production of 21 million tonnes. India produces a modest amount of metal, accounting for around 2 percent of world production. It is mined in the states of Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Sikkim.

Copper demand and prices

High demand for this metal also drives copper futures investing. In 2018, the need for copper stood at 23.6 million tonnes, which is expected to grow to 30 million tonnes in 2027. The largest consumer of copper worldwide is China, which accounts for almost half of world copper consumption. The US, Japan and India are the other major importers.

Copper demand and prices are affected by a variety of factors. These include supply, economic growth and political developments. Recently, a worker’s strike in Chilean mines led to lower supply and increased prices. Higher economic growth leads to increased demand for copper and hence higher rates. A slowdown, on the other hand, will lead to lower demand.

Demand for copper is expected to get a boost from the growing use of renewable energy like wind and solar power, which need much more copper than conventional energy.

Copper futures

Since copper demand will be high in the future, copper futures investing seems to be a profitable venture. Trading in these futures is done on Indian commodity exchanges like the Multi-Commodity Exchange (MCX).

The most significant advantage of trading copper futures is the leverage. Margins in these futures are quite low and enable investors to take significant positions in the metal. The astronomical positions mean more opportunities to turn in a profit. There is, of course, the risk of large positions; if prices move in an unfavourable direction, the losses can be considerable.

Copper futures enable end users to hedge against price volatility. Speculators too can take advantage of price movements and turn in profits. They are also an option for investors who want to diversify their portfolio.

Futures contracts are available in lots of 1 metric tonne and 250 kg for investors on the MCX. Standard contracts are for February, April, June, August and November.

Pros and cons

Copper futures investing can be profitable for investors since demand will always continue to rise. However, like in all commodity markets , copper prices are volatile. Investors must consider domestic and international factors that could affect demand and cost. If you can keep abreast of the latest developments in the industry and keep a cool head on your shoulders, these can be very rewarding.