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Key Ratios For Fundamental Research - Part - 3

Book Value Per Share (BVPS)


Book Value Per Share = (Shareholder’s Equity – Preference Stock)/Weighted Average Number of Shares Outstanding
Book Value Per Share indicates the level of safety associated with each common share after removing effects of liabilities. This ratio can also be used to see how much an investor can realize in the event of liquidation. This can also be compared with current stock price to decide about under/over valuation of the stock.

  • Look For– Increasing BVPS
  • Compare– With its past performance
  • Industry– All Industries

ParticularsVada Pav King(Rs.)
Shareholder’s Equity60
Number of Shares Outstanding1
Book Value Per Share60/160


Let’s learn to choose better company in the same business by comparing their financials:

Particulars201220132014
Kotak Mahindra Bank - BVPS174204248


Book Value Per Share of Kotak Mahindra Bank is steadily increasing which shows good management performance.

Price to Book Value Ratio (PBR)


Price to Book Value Ratio = Current Share Price/Book Value Per Share
Price to Book Value Ratio is used to measure how many times of its book value, the stock is trading. This ratio can also be used for valuation and comparison purpose between companies with negative earnings.

  • Look For– Low PBR
  • Compare– With its past performance and within same industry
  • Industry– Asset based industries such banking & finance, capital goods, power, infrastructure

ParticularsVada Pav King(x)
Current Share Price450
Book Value Per Share60
Price to Book Value Ratio450/607.5



Let’s learn to choose better company in the same business by comparing their financials:

ParticularsAxis BankYes Bank
Price to Book Value Ratio1.82.1



Both the companies mentioned above are engaged in banking. But Axis Bank is looking cheaper comparatively from valuation point of view.

Earning Yield (EY)


Earning Yield = Earning Per Share/Current Stock Price

Earning Yield measures the amount of profit a company has generated compared to its market capitalization. It also shows the percentage return an individual will get for investing in the share at current market price. It should also be compared to prevailing interest rates, such as yield of long term government bonds to determine whether it is over/under valued.

  • Look For– High EY
  • Compare– With its past performance
  • Industry– All Industries

ParticularsVada Pav King(%)
Earning Per Share30
Current Stock Price450
Earning Yield30/4506.66



Let’s learn to choose better company in the same business by comparing their financials:

ParticularsBPCLHPCL
Earning Yield7.95%5.45%


Both the companies mentioned above are one of the major oil refining and marketing companies in India. Where BPCL has attractive earnings yield.

Dividend Yield (DY)


Dividend Yield = Dividend Per Share/Current Stock Price

Dividend Yield indicates how much a company pays out in dividends each year compared to its share price. In absence of any capital gains and in case of notional capital gains for long term investors, dividend yield is the realized return on investment for a stock.

  • Look For– High DY
  • Compare– With its past performance
  • Industry– All Industries

ParticularsVada Pav King(%)
Dividend Per Share10
Current Stock Price450
Dividend Yield10/4502.22



Let’s learn to choose better company in the same business by comparing their financials:

ParticularsCoal IndiaNMDC
Dividend Yield7.9%6.3%


Both the companies mentioned above are engaged in the business of mining. Where Coal India provides much attractive dividend yield.